SOLO is a theory about teaching and learning (versus Bloom's theory about knowledge), 3. Outline at least two compositional principles that Picasso used in Guernica. I trust your judgement in using and interpreting SOLO.”. Although it was developed by Biggs and Collis back in 1982 it seems to have had a resurgence of interest recently. There is no necessary progression in the manner of teaching or learning in the Bloom taxonomy. Teaching for quality learning at university. - Educators and students find it easy to reliably and validly determine their next steps - plus one SOLO level, 4. They are able and motivated to monitor their own progress in a learning task and to make smart decisions on their next steps. The progression to relational and extended abstract outcomes is qualitative. The most powerful model for understanding these three levels (surface deep conceptual)and integrating them into learning intentions and success criteria is the SOLO (structure of observed learning outcome) model developed by Biggs and Collis (1982). For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. Buckingham: Buckingham Open University Press. New York: Academic Press. ... Bloom’s and SOLO taxonomy in a chapter in Vinther’s Q&A. 3. It is acknowledged that the most well known taxonomy in education is Bloom’s taxonomy. the use of a defensible taxonomy of processing -- the SOLO taxonomy. Biggs, J., & Tang, C. (2007). Page 2. Students of all ages can use SOLO levels, rubrics and frameworks to answer the following questions: HookED uses SOLO to help students think about the strengths and weaknesses of their own thinking, to “learn to learn” and to help schools develop a common, school wide approach to making learning and learning outcomes visible to students. The SOLO Taxonomy provides a common language of learning for students to share with their teachers and peers. VERBS WHICH CAN DESCRIBE PERFORMANCE AT DIFFERENT SOLO LEVELS While the SOLO taxonomy can help identify levels of progression with learning, Biggs (1999) also identifies characteristics of students that signal whether they are adopting a deep or surface level approach to learning. Visible Learning promotes the use of SOLO taxonomy. This page has been accessed 115,334 times. Another way of looking at this is that students should be able to recall and reproduce, apply basic skills and concepts, think strategically and then extend their thinking (by hypothesizing etc.) Questions can be formulated at each level of the SOLO taxonomy to ask progressively deeper, or higher-order, questions. The SOLO Taxonomy was devised by Collis & Biggs (1982) and looked at the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcomes produced by students in terms of their complexity. Reviews hailed it as the “Holy Grail”! Notice: We recently upgraded our comments. I’m very pleased to see what great work you are doing in such a different context to ours. SOLO Taxonomy, Biggs’ Webpage academic/solo-taxonomy/. Certainly the effect size of that This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. What It Means HES Instructional Strategies; 1: Pre-structural: No Idea: May or may not have Prior Knowledge: Lack of understanding or knowledge of concept. lies in SOLO's facility in enabling student and educator to understand and evaluate learning experiences and learning outcomes in terms of ascending cognitive complexity (Hattie and It was an analysis of hundreds of meta-analyses! Brown 2004). Finally and significantly, when working with teachers, SOLO provides greater clarity when writing ILOs. based on research on student learning rather than a theory about knowledge based on the judgements of educational administrators (Biggs and Tang 2007, p. 80). Take for example, a series of art questions suggested by Hamben (1984). These are practical strategies that exemplify the higher levels of the SOLO taxonomy. Whereas Bloom separates 'knowledge' from the intellectual abilities or process that operate on this 'knowledge' , the SOLO taxonomy is primarily based on the processes of understanding used by the students when answering the prompts. At the relational level, the aspects are linked and integrated, and contribute to a deeper and more coherent understanding of the whole. SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a by John Hattie (refer foreword in First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy) and John Biggs. Teaching and Learning: tales from the ampersand. The Bloom taxonomy has been extensively used in teacher education to suggest learning and teaching strategies, has formed the basis of many tests developed by teachers (at least while they were in teacher training), and has been used to evaluate many tests. Build and/or activate prior knowledge: 2: Uni-structural: One Idea: Surface Learning: Has an idea of what it is, but not what to do with it or how it connects to other ideas Refer extracts from personal communication (email) below. The Solo Model. First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy. Cognitive processes in asTTle: The SOLO taxonomy. SOLO is a model that shows students that learning is the result of effort and strategies NOT fixed ability or being liked. 4. The next two levels, unistructural and multistructural are associated with bringing in information (surface understanding). SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be used in any … Who painted Guernica? SOLO Taxonomy SOLO stands for ‘ S tructure of the O bserved L earning O utcomes’. For example it is possible to design a learning experience using Similarly, a student may provide a very surface response to 'What is your opinion of Picasso’s Guernica'? (2nd ed.). Interventions (Thinking interventions and e-learning interventions) that enhance the conditions of value when learning (SOLO differentiated interventions). 8. Hattie 2012 p54 SOLO has many advantages over Bloom's Taxonomy. SOLO levels can be communicated through text, hand signs and symbols - across large and noisy learning environments (versus Bloom's where levels communicated by text alone), 6. SOLO can be used to look at levels of declarative knowledge and functioning knowledge including metacognitive reflection. The SOLO Taxonomy is divided into a number of levels. The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes Taxonomy (SOLO) is a notion that describes the stages of learning that students go through to reach a real depth of understanding on a topic. When using the SOLO taxonomy, either the questions would be written in a different manner, or the test scorer would concentrate on classifying the responses only. “Learning to learn” requires the learner to think about the strengths and weaknesses of their own thinking when they are learning and to make thoughtful decisions on what to do next. Type Document Author(s) John Hattie, Gavin T. L. Brown, New Zealand. SOLO, which stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome, is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they got right. Isn’t this a bit like Bloom’s Taxonomy?• SOLO is based upon a theory about teaching and learning rather than a theory about knowledge, (Hattie and Brown, 2004)• Bloom’s is ‘good’ for teachers: planning, questioning & checking learning• But not great for students: I’ve done applying sir, can I move on to analysis now?• Biggs, J.B., & Collis, K.F. However, the Bloom taxonomy is a useful adjunct for suggesting a wider list of verbs, especially for a range of learning activities. ... I’ve written previously about being a big fan of Hattie’s work about what affects achievement. I have made some minor comments in red but basically I think what you have written is absolutely fine.”, “I have been through Slide Share and again I like it a lot. SOLO Taxonomy, Biggs’ Webpage academic/solo-taxonomy/. In more recent times, John Hattie has argued that Bloom’s Taxonomy needs to be superceded by the Solo Model. SOLO Taxonomy. Future Proofing Education: Transformative approaches to new technologies and student diversity in futures oriented classrooms. Imagine yourself as one of the figures in Guernica and describe your life history? Evaluating the quality of learning: The SOLO taxonomy. Solo taxonomy example with A level class Jan 13. Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Page 1. These are practical strategies that exemplify the higher levels of the SOLO taxonomy. SOLO taxonomy has five levels: no idea, one idea, many ideas, relate the ideas, extend the ideas. SOLO allows task and outcome to be at different levels (versus Bloom's not designed/cannot be used to level outcomes against each task). Both teachers and students often progress from more surface to deeper constructs and this is mirrored in the four levels of the SOLO taxonomy. Although there may be measurement advantages to this increasing difficulty, this is not a necessary requirement of the SOLO method. Furthermore, surface or deep levels of understanding can be planned for and assessed by coding a student’s thinking performance against unistructural, multistructural, relational, or extended abstract categories, as shown in Table 1. What is Solo Taxonomy and why is it here? Analysis. Biggs, J. set 2, 2018 51 book on educational taxonomies (see, Hook 2015). At the unistructural level, one aspect of the task is picked up, and student understanding is disconnected and limited. SOLO taxonomy has five levels: no idea, one idea, many ideas, relate the ideas, extend the ideas. HookED uses a unique classroom based approach to SOLO Taxonomy. John Hattie Labeling SOLO Taxonomy Reprint or License This Article. This may be easier (depending on instruction, etc.) p. 123 and 124. The advantages of SOLO Taxonomy over Bloom’s Taxonomy, SOLO Taxonomy and collaborative case-based learning in ethics. (SOLO learning verbs); Hattie (2012) describes it as “the most powerful model for understanding these three levels of … Like most taxonomies, SOLO describes the processes involved in asking and answering a question on a scale of increasing difficulty or complexity. In a nutshell, and in John Biggs’ own words, SOLO enables us to assess the quality of student knowledge, “not of how many bits of this and of that they have got right”. Who painted Guernica? SOLO is research/evidence based on structure of student learning outcomes (versus Bloom's developed from proposal by a committee of educators), 2. ” …very interesting and a new direction for SOLO as far as I know. Reflect on learning processes and products; Undertake research and student led inquiry; Integrate e-learning and thinking strategies; Establish a school wide common language for learning. Similarly, teachers could be encouraged to use the 'plus one' principle when choosing appropriate learning material for students. At the prestructural level of understanding, the task is inappropriately attacked, and the student has missed the point or needs help to start. Teachers can avoid these problems through an awareness of alternative taxonomies, for example the SOLO taxonomy (Hattie & Brown, 2004). Bloom’s taxonomy is not accompanied by criteria for judging the outcome of the activity (Ennis, 1985), whereas SOLO is explicitly useful for judging the outcomes. The language of learning used in schools. What is your opinion of Picasso’s Guernica? Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Teachers enjoy the way that SOLO represents student learning of quite diverse material in stages of ascending structural complexity, and that these stages display a similar sequence across tasks. than a unistructural item that asks 'What does celestial rotation mean?'. The SOLO Taxonomy allows students to engage in active and collaborative dialogue within five different levels of thinking. The SOLO taxonomy not only suggests an item writing methodology, but the same taxonomy can be used to score the items. Feb 18, 2019 - Explore Maggie Elgert's board "Solo taxonomy" on Pinterest. Teaching for quality learning at university. Hattie and Brown used SOLO as a framework for designing asTTle so that the questions had different levels of cognitive complexity (Hattie and Brown 2004). Blooming, SOLO Taxonomy, and Phenomenography as Assessment Strategies in Undergraduate Science ... (Hattie & Brown, 2004). Others saw it as an attack on the woeful state of the teaching profession! So by all means you have my permission to proceed as you see fit with that. As with phenomenography, the SOLO taxonomy can be used to … That is, the teacher can aim to move the student one level higher in the taxonomy by appropriate choice of learning material and instructional sequencing. This taxonomy will be used in the current research. HookED Wiki: The advantages of SOLO Taxonomy over Bloom’s Taxonomy, Essential Resources: Introduction to SOLO Taxonomy Flyer. 2. As learning progresses it becomes more complex. Page 1. SOLO is a theory about teaching and learning Through his refreshing approach to educational research, John Hattie does not promise in his article the golden ticket of ‘what will work’, but instead looks at the things that teachers are doing every day in this country and elsewhere around the globe that are simply not working. In this approach SOLO becomes a powerful mental model for students – and is capable of changing the way they think about their own learning outcomes. Ministry of Education, Auckland UniServices, University of Auckland Date 2004 Publisher Ministry of … Last year, I wrote Why the Growth Mindset Won't Work, and it was based on a keynote John Hattie ... Can we use something like SOLO Taxonomy which was developed by … What It Means HES Instructional Strategies; 1: Pre-structural: No Idea: May or may not have Prior Knowledge: Lack of understanding or knowledge of concept. Applying the model in your classroom. The SOLO taxonomy forms the basis of the Assessment Tools for Teaching and Learning (asTTle) developed for the New Zealand Ministry of Education (G. T. L. Brown et al., 2008). (1982). Schools using SOLO, report improvements in student learning outcomes; a raise in student confidence and increases in student engagement in learning. 5. What the student does, SOLO based approaches and effective strategies, http://pamhook.com/wiki/Advantages_of_SOLO_Taxonomy. Is Bloom ’ s taxonomy has been endorsed by John Hattie, Gavin T. Brown... The student does ( 3rd Ed. ) taxonomy ) and is often described as FINISH! ( solo taxonomy hattie ) a Thinking curriculum NZCER p100 advantages to this extract from Hook, P. ( 2006 ) Thinking! 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